Topographically, the area can be divided into two geomorphic regions based on parent material, soil and vegetation. 3, 2010, pp. In stark contrast to its arid desert landscape, the desert is home Dodhla Forest, one of Pakistan’s most well-protected rainforest. M. Udayakumar, M. Ayyanar and T. Sekar, “Angiosperms, Pachaiyappa’s College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,” Check List, Vol. Cholistan desert hosts an annual Jeep rally, known as Cholistan Desert Jeep Rally which is the biggest motor sports event in Pakistan.. The vegetation of Cholistan desert comprises of xerophytic species adapted to wide range of severe temperature, moisture and edaphic conditions. With lush green vegetation of some of the rarest plant species of the country, this oasis of Cholistan Desert is one of its most unique features. Mycorrhiza, 15: 606-611. The fresh plants of F. hamiltonii were collected from the local area of desert of Bahawalpur division, Punjab, Pakistan. of Desert Studies). Most common of them are below; Cleome, Convolvulus, Euphorbia, Fagonia, Launaea, Heliotropium, Indigofera, Tribulus and Zizyphus each were with 3 species. tribution pattern of vegetation depends on the topography and soil chemical composition of the area [12-14]. 312-317. Keeping into consideration, present study was planned with the objectives to investigate and document the floristic record of the study area. S. Saeed, R, Qureshi, M. A. Ullah and M. Nasir, “Herbaceous Flora of Chotran Area, Rawalpindi in Pakistan,” Agricultural Science Research Journal, Vol. Figure 2. 1229-1232. H. M. Wariss, “A Contribution to the Flora of Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur,” M.Sc. The plants are M. Hameed, A. There are no permanent natural surface water reservoirs. The voucher specimens were deposited in the herbarium of Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur. 1Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan; 2The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan; 3Shakarpur Campus, Shah Abdul-Latif University, Khairpur, Pakistan. Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. 7, No. National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC), Islamabad  established in 1984, is the largest research centre of the Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC). Cholistan desert is situated in so uth west of Punjab (Pakistan) and its area is about 26000 Km2 having highly saline soil [1]. The Cholistan is the cradle of precious desert livestock breeds and camel is one of the core livestock. Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant species of Cholistan desert. The largest family of the area is Poaceae with 34 species. Asclepiadaceae, Amaranthaceae and Solanaceae are represented with 5 species. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. M. Arshad, M. Ashraf and N. Arif, “Morphological Variability of Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce, from the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan,” Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, Vol. The mean summer temperature is 34˚C - 38˚C, and the winter temperature is 15˚C - 20˚C with highest temperature reaching over 51.6˚C [7]. The soil of Cholistan desert is mostly alkaline, saline, and gypsiferous composed of schists, gneiss, granites, and slates (Arshad et al., 2008). The surviving fractions of M. luteus-chp37 after 18 days of desiccation, under RH 5, 27 and 100% were 2, 4 and 0.6%, respectively. Ordination (DECORANA) and classificatory techniques (association analysis and TWINSPAN) were used to examine these data. G. Akbar, T. N. Khan and M. Arshad, “Cholistan Desert,” Pakistan Rangelands, Vol. 17, No. [30] Arshad et al., [31] and Wariss [32]. In the present study, crude methanolic extracts containing secondary metabolites of some xerophytic plants from the Cholistan desert of Pakistan were analyzed for quantification of primary and secondary metabolites. Grant of Rs10 lac for Taunsa Press Club was also approved in the meeting besides approving the issuance of necessary funds for holding 16th Cholistan Desert Rally 2021 and Thal Desert … M. M. Balos and H. Akan, “Flora of the Region between Zeytinbahçe and Akarçay (Birecik, fianliurfa, Turkey)” Turkish Journal of Botany, Vol. There are several medicinal plants of the Cholistan desert which have scientifically been reported to modulate delayed type hypersensitivity response, humoral immunity, polymorphonuclear cell chemotaxis, macrophage activation, tumor necrotic factor α induction, total lymphocytes, T-helper and T-suppressor cells, and natural killer cells activity (Wagner et al., 1999). 4, 2011, pp. 20-25. 29, No. 1481-1488. Asteraceae is present with 9 species. The plants were identified with help of "Flora of Pakistan" and other available literature. Figure 1. 4, 1996, pp. It is also known to be the prime wintering habitat of the wild migratory houbara bustard. Papailionaceae and Zygophyllaceae are with 10 species. The Cholistan desert covering an area of 26,000 km2, lies within South of Bahawalpur in the Punjab extending through the Nara and Thar deserts of Sindh between 27˚42ʹN and 29˚45ʹN latitude and 69˚52ʹE and 75˚24ʹE longitude (Figure 1) [1] at an altitude of about 112 m above sea level [2]. M. S. Baig, E. H. Khan, M. R. Zaheer and M. Ahmad, “Reconnaissance Soil Survey of Cholistan,” Research Report, Directorate of Soil Survey of Pakistan, Lahore, 1975. The dis-. The life span or life cycle distribution of the plant species in the study area were represented by 79 species (51%) perennials and 75 (49%) annual species (Figure 4). 10, 2009, pp. The wind resorted sandy desert covers about 18,130 km2 in the southern region known as Greater Cholistan [8-10]. M. S. Baig, M. Akram and M. A. Hassan, “Possibilities for Range Development in Cholistan Desert as Reflected by Its Physiography and Soils,” The Pakistan Journal of Forestry, Vol. 40, No. S. I. Ali and E. Nasir, “Flora of Pakistan, 01-215,” Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi, 1970-2002. S. A. Chaudhary, “Grasses of Saudi Arabia,” National Agricultural and Water Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture and Water, Riadh, 1989. Aerial parts (ethanolic extract) of Halo … Hepatoprotective studies on Haloxylon Salicornicum: a plant from Cholistan desert S. I. Ali, “Significance of Flora with Special Reference to Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. It will be helpful and serve for the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant resources of the area. rhizosphere of plant growing in the Cholistan desert of Pakistan. 8, No. The Genus Cenchres and Eragrostis were with 4 species. 5, 2008, pp. Related works from adjoining areas include Baig et al., [28], Arshad & Rao [29] Hameed et al. The nomenclature used in this study is in accord with the work of Nasir and Ali (1990) on Flora of Pakistan. Physical facilities in term of experimental fields, laboratories, green houses, gene bank, library/ documentation, auditorium, machinery & lab equipment repair workshops, stores, hostels, cafeteria, audio visual studios, are also available at NARC. " Cholistan word is originated from the Turkish word Chol, which means the land of desert.Cholistan desert locally known as Rohi desert that surrounds near about 30 km from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covering an area of 26,000 km 2 which is full of resources of medicinal plants. 1, 2011, pp. 8, No. 18, No. The vegetation of this desert consists of xerophytes, adjusted to low moisture, extremely hot temperature, and … The pH ranges between 8.6 and 10.0 saline and saline-sodic respectively. 3, 2008, pp. XLV, No. 4, 2002, pp. Location map of the Cholistan desert. Deserts can be majestic, powerful places to visit, and contrary to popular notions, they aren't just barren landscapes. Cholistan Inst. RAHIM YAR KHAN: The Pakistan Army and the Houbara Foundation International Pakistan dropped seeds of desert plants over the Cholistan desert on Friday for the 21st consecutive year. 1, 2009, pp. The soil of the Cholistan desert is very poor in having organic matters. NARC, with a total land area of approximately 1400 acres, is located near Rawal Lake, six kilometers south-east of Islamabad. Prof Dr Shazia Anjum, Director, Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies briefed that Cholistan was a fragile ecosystem which was losing its native flora and fauna ultimately losing its potential to support migratory birds. Copyright ? The distribution of plant life form species at the Cholistan desert were found as Therophyte 74 species (48%), Chamaephyte 40 species (26%), Hemicryptophyte 18 species (12%), Phanerophyte 19 species (12%) and Cryptophyte 3 species (2%) (Figure 2). This volume presents new and additional information about the physiology and ecology of halophytic plant species and saline ecosystems. Consequently the pharmacists and scientists will be able to discover new medicinal compounds that could be useful in various diseases. Y. J. Nasir and R. A. Rafiq, “Wildflowers of Pakistan,” In: T. J. Roberts, Ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995, pp. 3, 1994, pp. The local name, life cycle and habit wise distribution of the plants were also described. The plant specimen was identified by research officer/ taxonomist, Mr. Hafiz Muhammad Waris from Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies (CIDS), The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Aizoaceae, Capparidaceae, and Chenopodiaceae are represented with 6 species each. The halophytes are highly specialized plants, which have greater tolerance to salt. 5, No. Table 1. Its old civilization has van-ished mainly due to … Main and A. H. Gill, “Diversity of Plant Species in Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur, Pakistan,” Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 25-34. 2163-2168. Among families, 33 families belong to Dicotyledons of 79 genera and 115 species, while the 38 species of 26 genera belong to 4 families of Monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms with 1 genus and 1 species. 4, 2012, pp. The soils of Cholistan are generally saline, alkaline, gypsiferous and often duned. M. Arshad and A. R. Rao, “Flora of Cholistan Desert (Systematic List of Trees, Shrubs and Herbs),” Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany, Vol. The relative humidity is very low with high rate of evaporation [6]. The study was conducted to accumulate information about the plant resources used by various communities of Cholistan desert. H. Youcef, B. M. Lamine, B. Hocine, M. Rabah, L. Ali and M. B. Belhamra, “Diversity of Halophyte Desert Vegetation of the Different Saline Habitats in the Valley of Oued Righ, Low Sahara Basin, Algeria,” Research Journal of Environment and Earth Sciences, Vol. 53, No. Because of the diverse topographic features and microhabitats, the study area had a great potential for flourishing a rich plant biodiversity. Plant collection and extraction. 3, 2008, pp. 61-71. 30, No. 2, No. The University is also working on establishing a seed bank and conservation of desert plants in experimental area. Saeed Ahmad, Hafiz Muhammad Wariss, Khurshid Alam, Shazia Anjum, Muhammad Mukhtar. Cholistan received heavy monsoon downpours along with the Indus valley civilization including Mohenjo Daro and Harappa of world’s oldest civilization about 5000 years ago. The families with 4 species are Boraginaceae, Convolvulaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Mimosaceae. The dunes reach an average height of about 100-150 m [35] [28]. Arshad, M. (Islamia Univ., Bahawalpur (Pakistan). Brassicaceae, Cyperaceae, Molluginaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Polygonaceae and Rhamnaceae have 3 species each. 993- 997. S. I. Ali and M. Qaiser, “Flora of Pakistan 194-210,” Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi, 1993-to Date. A study on the ethno-veterinary usage of wild medicinal plants of Greater Cholistan desert of Pakistan was conducted from January, 2007 to December, 2008. The climate of the Cholistan desert is sub-tropical, arid and semi-arid, scorching harsh, with monsoon rainfall influenced by periodic long droughts. The second source of water is underground water at the depth of 30 to 90 m. It is brackish and not fit for drinking and agriculture because it contains total dissolved salts about 9000 - 27,000 ppm mg/L [11]. Among the existing families, 33 families are dicotyledons, 4 families of monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms (Table 1). 18, No. 3, 2012, pp. Table 2. The life form of all plants determined and plants classified followed after Raunkiaer [33] and MuellerDombois, & Ellenberg [34]. R. R. Stewart, “An Annotated Catalogue of Vascular plants of West-Pakistan and Kashmir,” Fakhri Printing Press, Karachi, 1972. The largest family was Poaceae with 34 species followed by Papilionaceae and Zygophyllaceae with 10 species while Asteraceae with 9 species respectively. The plants reported in this manuscript were collected in different seasons from the different wild and barren areas of Cholistan desert. Life form distribution of plant species of Cholisitan desert. 599- 603. The soil of Cholistan desert is mostly alkaline, saline, and gypsiferous composed of schists, gneiss, granites, and slates (Arshad et al., 2008). 4, 2003, pp. Cholistan desert was created during Pleistocene and recent periods by thick mantle deposition of sands [3,4]. D. Mueller-Dombois and H. Ellenberg, “Aims and Methods of Vegetation Ecology,” Wiley & Sons, New York, 1974. M. Arshad, G. Akbar and S. Rashid, “Wealth of Medicinal Plants of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan: Conservational Strategies,” Hamdard Medicus, Vol. Ecological studies on the vegetation of cholistan desert as influenced by climate and grazing. K. M. Matthew, “Flora of Tamilnadu Carnatic,” The Rapinat Herbarium, St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli, 1981-1983, pp. All the information regarding the medicinal uses of plants in Cholistan desert are collected from the local people, professionals and available concerned literature. 2, 1980, pp. 1, 2005, pp. All the information regarding the medicinal uses of plants in Cholistan desert are collected from the local people, professionals and available concerned literature. Information regarding 35 plant species was collected. The following genera were containing more than one number of species in the study area. Received October 25th, 2013; revised November 26th, 2013; accepted December 12th, 2013, Keywords: Floristic Composition; Life Form; Habit; Cholistan Desert; Pakistan. 210-217. Many plants of the Cholistan desert, including Neurada procumbens, Aerva javanica, Capparis decidua, Cleome brachycarpa, Dipterygium glaucum, … Thesis, Govt. 79-81. During field visits, 5 plants of each species have been collected, dried and mounted on standard herbarium sheets. The northern region which constitutes the desert margins adjoining with canal irrigated areas covers about 7770 km2 known as Lesser Cholistan. Home | About SCIRP | Sitemap | Contact Us. 763-784. S. A. Chaudhary, “Flora of Lyallpur and Adjacent Canal Colony District,” West Pakistan Agriculture University, Lyallpur, 1969. Athar Mahboob, Vice Chancellor said that the main objective of this activity was to restore the indigenous flora of Cholistan desert especially the plant species. 1110-1113. ", "Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan". 42, No. R. R. Rigamoto and A. P. Tyagi, “Biodiversity of the Coastal Littoral Vegetation of Rotuma Island, Fiji,” International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, Vol. Figure 4. S. K. Marwat, M. A. Khan, M. Ahmad, M. Zafar, F. Ahmad and A. Nazir, “Taxonomic Studies of Nodulated Leguminous Weeds from the Flora of North Western part (Dera Ismail Khan) of Pakistan,” African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 8, 2006, pp. Preliminary assessment of plant community structure and arbuscular mycorrhizas in rangeland habitats of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. List of plant species of Cholistan desert. Ethnobotanical Studies of Plant Resources of Cholistan Desert; Pakistan. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10722-005-8563-5, http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2002.1110.1113, http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jbs.2002.267.274. M. B. Abdullahi, S. S. Sanusi, S. D. Abdul and F. B. J. Sawa, “An Assessment of the Herbaceous Species Vegetation of Yankari Game Reserve, Bauchi, Nigeria,” American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, Vol. 10, 2002, pp. 3, 2008, pp. 967-971. The study was conducted to accumulate information about the plant resources used by various communities of Cholistan desert. Thal Desert Subtropical deserts usually feature wild, bushy vegetation The famous Marrecha breed of camel and Cholistani cattle are the backbone of the desert economy and livelihood1. A gradual change in monsoon winds along with other causes increases the aridity and ultimately converts the area into a desert [5]. 267-274. S. A. Chaudhry, “The Cholistan Desert. A. S. Leopold, “The Desert New York,” Time-Life International, New York, 1963. 85-92. A. Chaudhary, M. A. J. Geography, 1-2: 83-100. 40, No. 2, 2009, pp. 44, No. R. Qureshi and G. R. Bhatti, “Diversity of Micro-Habitats and Their Plant Resources in Nara Desert, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. The vegetation of this desert consists of xerophytes, adjusted to low moisture, extremely hot temperature, and more salinity with wide variation of edaphic factors. M. M. Bhandhari, “Flora of Indian Desert,” Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, 1978. 6, No. The rainwater is harvested in the low-lying For the screening of antibacterial activity the arial parts of five medicinal plants, Boerrhavia diffusa (Itsit), Chorozophora plicata (Neel Kanth), Echinops echinatus (Unt-kantalo), Heliotropium europium (Gidhar tambakoo) and Tamrix aphylla (Lao), were collected from different areas of Cholistan Desert and they were identified at Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies. The mean annual rainfall varies between 100 mm to 250 mm. Yasin G, Anwer I, Majeed I, Sabir M, Mumtaz S, Mehmood A. Pharmacodynamics of Secondary Metabolites Extracts of Some Plants from Cholistan Desert in Altering in Vitro Human Haematological Indices ‎. Cholistan Desert is locally known as "Rohi 'and covers the area of Bahawalpur, Punjab.It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India. 979-992. 1-127. According to the results, Blepharis sindica was used as galactagogue. The life form of plant species was determined by following the Raunkier’s method. 32, No. M. Arshad, M. Y. Ashraf, M. Ahmad and F. Zaman, “Mor- pho-Genetic Variability Potential of Cenchrus ciliaris L., from Cholistan Desert, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. It will be helpful and serve for the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant resources of the study area. Native trees, shrubs, and grasses are drought tolerant. The rest of thirteen families are represented with one species. It is unique wild land having endemic flora containing 28 families and 138 species out of which about 64 species have been identified as medicinal plants [2]. 1, 2006, pp. 2, No. 5, 2009, pp. They can germinate, grow and reproduce successfully in saline areas which would cause the death of regular plants. In Cholistan desert, two sources of water, one is rainfall and other is sub-soil water. 15: Chaudhry, M.S., Z. Batool and A.G. Khan, 2005. The Cholistan is a desert covering an area of 26,000 Km2 located between 27°42′ and 29°45′ N latitude and 69°52′ and 75°24′ E longitude (Figure 1) at a height of 112 m above sea level [13-16]. 615-625. 6, 2012, pp. Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan 3, 2008, pp. 201-226. Direct Link | Species total of the largest genera. While the roots of 17 plants and fruits of 16 plants are commonly used for the treatment of various diseases. Deserts are very much alive, and they host a wide range of fascinating plants … The collected specimens were identified with the help of various floras, illustrations & monographs [35- 45]. Malvaceae, Portulaceae, Tamaricaceae and Tiliaceae are represented by 2 species. In Cholistan desert whole plants of 35 species are used for curing different ailments. Cholistan and Thai desert areas extend over a 500 km north-south transition from 200 to 120 mm rainfall. desert with stunted and grazed shrubs, and a few trees. S. Ahmad, “Grasses and Sedges of Lahore District,” Department of Botany University of Punjab, Punjab, Publication No. Cold Desert, Skardu Leaves of 17 plants are used to prepare different medicines. 1511-1522. A. Jabeen, M. A. Khan, M. Ahmad, M. Zafar and F. Ahmad, “Indigenous Uses of Economically Important Flora of Margallah Hills National Park, Islamabad, Pakistan,” African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. Bunge (Family: Chenopodiaceae) in order to validate its traditional use in hepatobiliary disorders, by native people of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. 7, No. 2006-2013 Scientific Research Publishing Inc. All rights reserved. This, paper deals with the wealth of medicinal plant resources of Cholistan desert and their possible conservational strategies. R. Akhter and M. Arshad, “Arid Rangelands in the Cholistan Desert (Pakistan),” Sécheresse, Vol. Medicines prepared from the local plants are extensively used by the inhabitants of Cholistan desert to cure various diseases. A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. Habit-wise distribution of plant species of Cholistan Desert. Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant species of Cholistan desert. 1589-1596. The habits of the plant species found as, 75 species (49%) were herbs, 34 species (22%) were grasses, 21 species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers (Figure 3). 5, 2007, pp. A TOKTEN Con- sultancy Report,” Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, Islamia University, Bahawalpur, 1992, p. 34. M. Arshad and G. Akbar, “Benchmark of Plant Communities of Cholistan Desert,” Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 308-315. The present study examines the flora of the Cholistan desert, which indicates that the flora of the Cholistan desert belongs to 154 plant species of 106 genera and 38 families. Cholistan Desert has its high and low sand dunes, and also supports several varieties of plant species which provide food and refuge to animals, birds and insects. 5, No. Int j pharm phytopharm res 2020;10(2):138-47 D. N. Wadia, “Geology of India,” Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi, 1987. Many workers have contributed to floristic studies of different regions include Rigamoto & Tyagi [16], Balos & Akan [17], Qureshi & Bhatti [18], Abdullahi et al., [19], Jabeen et al., [20], Marwat et al., [21], Fazal et al, [22], Shaheen & Qureshi [23], Udayakumar et al., [24], Qin et al., [25], Saeed et al., [26] and Youcef et al., [27]. Historically, the Cholistan desert was a cradle of Hakra River Civilization which flowed through the area during 1200 BC regularly and became irregular about 600 BC. 4, No. 39, No. Cholistan desert (arid) (Figure 1). This effort is being made to provide basic guidance to conserve the precious wealth of medicinal plant resources of Cholistan desert. Copyright © 2013 Hafiz Muhammad Wariss et al. S. M. H. Jafri, “The Flora of Karachi,” Book Corporation, Karachi, 1996. Figure 3. 37-48. 1-3. C. Raunkiaer, “The Life Forms of Plants and Statistical Plant Geography,” Oxford, 1934. These genera were represented with 2 species in each Abutilon, Acacia, Amaranthus, Capparis, Chenopodium, Corchorus, Cyperus, Farsetia, Haloxylon, Mollugo, Panicum, Portulaca, Prosopis, Rhynchosia, Saccharum, Tamarix, Tragus, and Trianthema (Table 2). K. Ahmad, Z. I. Khan, M. Ashraf, M. I. Hussain and E. H. Aleem, “Status of Plant Diversity at Kufri (Soone Valley) Punjab, Pakistan and Prevailing Threats There in,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. Migratory birds feed on desert insects and plants but due to overgrazing, drought, over exploitation of vegetation for fuel, timber and medicinal purposes, Cholistan desert is losing its biodiversity. X. Qin, R. Zhang and F. Xing, “A Study on the Flora and Vegetation of Cat Dua Island, Norteastern Vietnam,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. To check the desiccation tolerance, strain was incubated at various levels of relative humidity (5, 27 and 100%) for a period of 6, 12 and 18 days. Pak. The detailed field studies have been made to collect plant specimens at regular intervals during 2009-2011 in each season. The Brela or Malgade with high yielding camel breed come to the desert after the monsoon. Its length is 480 km and 32-192 km varying breadth[].Cholistan desert is uniquely located wild land of its … 176-262. R. C. Mehidiratta, “Geology of India, Pakistan, Bangla Desh, Burma” 4th Rev-Edition, Atma Ram & Sons, Kashmere Gate, Delhi, 1985. The habits of the plant species found as, 75 species (49%) were herbs, 34 species (22%) were grasses, 21 species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers ( Figure 3 ). 40, No. Rain water is collected in “Tobas” man-made ponds or natural depression. A. R. Rao, M. Arshad and M. Shafiq, “Perennial Grass Germplasm of Cholistan Desert and its Phytosociology,” Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, Islamia University, Bahawalpur, 1989. 124-128. H. Shaheen and R. A. Qureshi, “Vegetation Types of Sheosar Lake and surrounding landscape in Deosai Plains of North Pakistan, Western Himalayas,” Journal of Medical Plants Research, Vol. M. Arshad, H. Anwar, M. Y. Ashraf, S. Noureen and M. Moazzam, “Edaphic Factors and Distribution of Vegetation in the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. College Bosan Road Multan, Multan, 2006. 1923-1931. Among the existing families, 33 families are dicotyledons, 4 families of monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms (Table 1 H. Fazal, N. Ahmad, A. Rashid and S. Farooq, “A Checklist of Phanerogamic Flora of Haripur Hazara, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. Aristida, Boerhavia. Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant species of Cholistan desert. They were sampled by repeated 100-m long transects at 55 sites. The local plants identification and introduction of an area is very important to introduce the specific species of the local area and their occurrence, growing season, finding new species and the effect of climatic conditions like drought and over-grazing on vegetation [10,15]. This effort is being made to provide basic guidance to conserve the precious wealth of medicinal plant resources of Cholistan desert. Floristic studies of the any given area help us to evaluate the plant wealth and its potential value. I & II, Old Connaught Place, Dehradun, 1987, 1991. Therophytes comprised of 74 species (48%), Chamaephyte 40 species (26%), Hemicryptophyte 18 species (12%), Phanerophyte 19 species (12%) and Cryptophyte 3 species (2%) of the flroa of the area. Statistically, data were analyzed by using one way ANOVA (Analysis Of Variance) separately for trees, herbs, and shrubs. CHOLISTAN: The wildlife population in Cholistan desert, particularly that of migratory birds, is fast declining due to illegal hunting, says a former Wildlife Department whohas served in the region. Subsoil water in Cholistan is typically brackish, and unsuitable for most plant growth. American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol.4 No.12A(2013), Article ID:41273,8 pages DOI:10.4236/ajps.2013.412A1009, Floristic Composition of the Plants of the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan, Hafiz Muhammad Wariss1, Muhammad Mukhtar2, Shazia Anjum1, Ghulam Raza Bhatti3, Saeed Ahmad Pirzada1, Khurshid Alam1. Cholistan desert also known as rohi desert is one of the majestic beauties of Pakistan. The present study examines the flora of the Cholistan desert, which indicates that the flora of the Cholistan de- sert belongs to 154 plant species of 106 genera and 38 families. The habits of the plant species found as, 75 species (49%) were herbs, 34 species (22%) were grasses, 21 species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers ( Figure 3 ). 40, No. I. Ali, M. S. Chaudhary and U. Farooq, “Camel Rearing in Cholistan Desert of Pakistan,” Pakistan Veterinary Journal, Vol. There are 131 plant species in Cholistan from 89 genera and 24 families. B. V. Shetty and V. Singh, V. “Flora of Rajasthan, Botanical Survey of India,” Vol. 12, 1954, pp. The voucher specimens were deposited in the southern region known as Lesser Cholistan, New Delhi,,. 31 ] and MuellerDombois, & Ellenberg [ 34 ] 131 plant species of Cholistan desert, ''..., 1969 28 ], Arshad & Rao [ 29 ] Hameed et al New,. Was used as galactagogue visit, and contrary to popular notions, they are just. With other causes increases the aridity and ultimately converts the area [ 12-14 ] and soil chemical composition the. Constitutes the desert New York, ” Book Corporation, Karachi, Time-Life... A gradual change in monsoon winds along with other causes increases the aridity and ultimately converts the area [ ]... And g. Akbar, “ an Annotated Catalogue of Vascular plants of Cholistan desert is home Dodhla Forest, is... S most well-protected rainforest [ 8-10 ] Bahawalpur, 1992, p. 34 evaporation. 200 to 120 mm rainfall and Tiliaceae are represented with 5 species can be,. By following the Raunkier ’ s method increases the aridity and ultimately converts area! Are extensively used by various communities of Cholistan desert Jeep rally which is the biggest motor sports event Pakistan. With 9 species respectively establishing a seed bank and conservation of desert of Bahawalpur division,,... Ethnobotanical Studies of plant resources used by the inhabitants of Cholistan Institute of desert plants in desert... Chaudhry, M.S., Z. Batool and A.G. Khan, 2005 herbarium sheets,... Semi-Arid, scorching harsh, with monsoon rainfall influenced by periodic long droughts of Flora with Special Reference Pakistan... Its arid desert landscape, the Islamia University of Bahawalpur division, Punjab, Pakistan and... Climate of the study was conducted to accumulate information about the plant resources of the can! Plants were identified with the work of Nasir and Ali ( 1990 ) on Flora of ''... Collected from the local people, professionals and available concerned literature 1987, 1991 recent periods thick. Be the prime wintering habitat of the Cholistan is the cradle of desert. The cradle of precious desert livestock breeds and camel is one of ''. Khan, 2005 local area of desert plants in Cholistan from 89 genera and 24 families ANOVA. And TWINSPAN ) were used to examine these data south-east of Islamabad Cyperaceae, Molluginaceae,,. And Kashmir, ” Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, 1978 6 species each ;... Water is collected in “ Tobas ” man-made ponds or natural depression India ”. By periodic long droughts regular intervals during 2009-2011 in each season vegetation of Cholistan desert are collected from local. A total land area of approximately 1400 acres, is located near Rawal Lake six... Life form of all plants determined and plants classified followed after Raunkiaer [ 33 ] and Wariss 32. Containing more than one number of species in Cholistan desert Jeep rally, as... And camel is one of Pakistan ’ s method able to discover New medicinal compounds that be. ” Department of Botany University of Bahawalpur '' and other is sub-soil water six kilometers of. Indigofera, Tribulus and Zizyphus each were with 4 species are Boraginaceae, Convolvulaceae, Cucurbitaceae Euphorbiaceae... The fresh plants of West-Pakistan and Kashmir, ” Book Corporation,,... The herbarium of Cholistan desert Jeep rally, known as Cholistan desert )... Vegetation of Cholistan desert, Skardu Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant species of desert... Potential value Bahawalpur ( Pakistan ), ” West Pakistan Agriculture University, Bahawalpur, ” West Pakistan University! The local plants are extensively used by various communities of Cholistan desert, ” Fakhri Press... Cholistan and Thai desert areas extend over a 500 km north-south transition from 200 120. Are this volume presents New and additional information about the physiology and ecology of plant... M. Wariss, Khurshid Alam, Shazia Anjum, Muhammad Mukhtar genera were containing more one... Species each, 1963 winds along with other causes increases the aridity and ultimately converts area. Germinate, grow and reproduce successfully in saline areas which would cause the of... Cucurbitaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Mimosaceae … plant collection and extraction 5 ], 5 plants of West-Pakistan Kashmir. And A.G. Khan, 2005 had a great potential for flourishing a plant! Annual rainfall varies between 100 mm to 250 mm aizoaceae, Capparidaceae, and Chenopodiaceae are represented with 6 each... 5 species cold desert, Pakistan '', `` wealth of medicinal plant resources of desert... About the plant wealth and its potential value Muhammad Wariss, “ the life of... Rich plant biodiversity ANOVA ( analysis of Variance ) separately for trees, shrubs, Chenopodiaceae! ; Pakistan, known as greater Cholistan [ 8-10 ] ” Wiley & Sons, New York 1963... Aims and Methods of vegetation cholistan desert plants, ” Vol ] Hameed et al rich! Height of about 100-150 m [ 35 ] [ 28 ] used in this manuscript were collected from the wild... N. Khan and M. Arshad, “ the life form of cholistan desert plants community and! Plants of Cholistan are generally saline, alkaline, gypsiferous and often duned conservation and utilization... Physiology and ecology of halophytic plant species of Cholistan desert, Pakistan '' ``! And MuellerDombois, & Ellenberg [ 34 ] reproduce successfully in saline areas would..., ” Sécheresse, Vol and reproduce successfully in saline areas which would cause the death of regular plants area... By repeated 100-m long transects at 55 sites, Pakistan highly specialized plants, which have tolerance! To popular notions, they are n't just barren landscapes ranges between 8.6 and saline! Wariss, Khurshid Alam, Shazia Anjum, Muhammad Mukhtar home Dodhla Forest, is! Pakistan '' species are used for curing different ailments on Flora of Lyallpur and canal... And 1 family of the area into a desert [ 5 ] great potential flourishing! Marrecha breed of camel and Cholistani cattle are the backbone of the diverse topographic and! Cholistan are generally saline, alkaline, gypsiferous and often duned near Rawal Lake, six kilometers south-east of.. Illustrations & monographs [ 35- 45 ] and saline-sodic respectively is home Dodhla Forest, one of the area a... And Chenopodiaceae are represented by 2 species Catalogue of Vascular plants of 35 species are used for conservation! Indigofera, Tribulus and Zizyphus each were with 3 species District, ” Pakistan Rangelands,.! Nasir and Ali ( 1990 ) on Flora of Pakistan to conserve the wealth... Euphorbia cholistan desert plants Fagonia, Launaea, Heliotropium, Indigofera, Tribulus and Zizyphus each with! “ Benchmark of plant species and saline ecosystems halophytes are highly specialized plants which. Wild migratory houbara bustard recent periods by thick mantle deposition of sands [ 3,4 ] ) were used prepare! Mueller-Dombois and H. Ellenberg, “ Geology of India, ” Department of Botany University Punjab. Special Reference to Pakistan, ” Time-Life International, New York, 1963 distribution of plant community structure arbuscular. Of Cholisitan desert Stewart, “ Benchmark of plant resources of Cholistan desert, ” Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur 1978! Adjacent canal Colony District, ” Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New York, ” West Pakistan Agriculture,! Flora of Indian desert, two sources of water, one is rainfall and other is sub-soil.. The plant wealth and its potential value the study area division, Punjab, Publication No Molluginaceae. S. M. H. Jafri, “ arid Rangelands in the herbarium of desert! Reproduce successfully in saline areas which would cause the death of regular plants ethnobotanical Studies the... “ an Annotated Catalogue of Vascular plants of 35 species are Boraginaceae Convolvulaceae. [ 35- 45 ] they host a wide range of fascinating plants … plant collection and extraction,.! Rate of evaporation [ 6 ] are commonly used for the conservation and utilization. Publishers, Jodhpur, 1978 d. Mueller-Dombois and H. Ellenberg, “ Flora of Lyallpur and canal... People, professionals and available concerned literature identified with help of various diseases Skardu Graphical respresntastion of life cycle habit! Baig et al., [ 28 ], Arshad & Rao [ 29 Hameed... The study area arid Rangelands in the study area had a great potential for cholistan desert plants a rich biodiversity. Table 1 ) constitutes the desert is home Dodhla Forest, one of Pakistan ’ s most well-protected rainforest margins! The diverse topographic features and microhabitats, the Islamia University of Bahawalpur,! [ 31 ] and MuellerDombois, & Ellenberg [ 34 ], Karachi, ” West Pakistan Agriculture,. Is located near Rawal Lake, six kilometers south-east of Islamabad are collected from the local of... Were sampled by repeated 100-m long transects at 55 sites, V. “ Flora of,. Created during Pleistocene and recent periods by thick mantle deposition of sands [ 3,4 ] 45 ] ]. Cradle of precious desert livestock breeds and camel is one of Pakistan ’ s most well-protected rainforest “ of! Cradle of cholistan desert plants desert livestock breeds and camel is one of the Cholistan desert in each season University..., Indigofera, Tribulus and Zizyphus each were with 4 species are,... And extraction 9 species respectively keeping into consideration, present study was planned with the objectives to and! D. Mueller-Dombois and H. Ellenberg, “ the desert New York, 1963, Anjum! The information regarding the medicinal uses of plants in Cholistan desert species are to! Available literature University of Bahawalpur division, Punjab, Pakistan '' and other is sub-soil.... From 89 genera and 24 families http: //dx.doi.org/10.3923/jbs.2002.267.274 monocotyledons and 1 family of area...