The IUCN lists all five Malaysian species as Endangered (A2cd) due to habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation and hunting. We describe a species of Hoolock gibbon (Primates: Hylobatidae) that is new to science from eastern Myanmar and southwestern China. It is protected under Schedule-I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, and is listed as ‘Endangered’ by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the Hylobatidae (gibbon) family. The area has hoolock, Rhesus macaque, Pig-tailed macaque, Capped langur and Ph… Tinsukia: From 37 in 2004 to 21 in 2020, Hoolock Gibbons, known as tail-less monkeys, which were once abounded in an Assam village, are now dwindling in number, causing worry among environmentalists and nature lovers.. On Tuesday, a 20-year old female Gibbon was the latest one to die in Barekuri - a cluster of village where hoolock gibbon has indeed coexisted peacefully with human … © International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Gibbons: Love is in the air for these tree-dwelling primates, but for the Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) there are greater concerns than finding the perfect mate. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. The Hoolock Gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area (s): China, India, Southeast Asia. Eastern hoolock gibbon: It inhabits specific pockets of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in India, and in southern China and north-east Myanmar outside India. Areas with larger hoolock gibbon populations (>15 individuals) were visited repeatedly and for a minimum of 5 d of counting periods to ensure a total count. These samples came from NHPs in urban, rural, wild and zoo settings throughout Bangladesh. Traditionally, the hoolock has been considered being a member of the genus Hylobates and the monotypic representant of a distinct subgenus (e.g. The eastern hoolock gibbon: It inhabits specific pockets of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in India, and southern China and north-east Myanmar. While the IUCN categories these gibbons, found in Mishmi Hills and some parts of Sadiya in Assam, as the eastern hoolock gibbon, renowned conservationist Anwaruddin Choudhury identified them as a sub-species of the western hoolock gibbon in 2013. Bunopithecus hoolock is found in forested areas from eastern India and Bangladesh to Myanmar and southern China. This species is found in extreme eastern corner of Assam and parts of Arunachal Pradesh, Myanmar east of the Chindwin River, such as the Mahamyaing Wildlife Sanctuary, and in south west Yunnan of China. Hoolock gibbons threatened with extinction in two manipur districts.Western hoolock gibbons have declined by almost 90% over the last 30 years . The IUCN lists all five Malaysian species as Endangered (A2cd) due to habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation and hunting. It is categorized as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. Hoolock Gibbon. The species is found in Assam, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. The event was held in Haikou, Hainan Province, China, with all the international guests joining online. IUCN Status: The western hoolock is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List and the eastern hoolock is listed as Vulnerable , The Hoolock gibbon is a rare primate and the only species of ape in the Indian sub-continent. De oostelijke hoelok (Hoolock leuconedys) is een soort mensaap uit de familie van de gibbons (Hylobatidae).De oostelijke en de westelijke hoelok (Hoolock hoolock) werden tot 2005 tot dezelfde soort gerekend, of als ondersoorten beschouwd.Het is een kwetsbare diersoort door voorkomt in India, Myanmar en in Yunnan ().. Beschrijving. It is distinguished from the Eastern Hoolock Gibbon by the females being more uniform of color and the gap between the eyebrows being indistinct. Het is verder een typische gibbon, dus een tengere aap zonder staart (een mensaap) met lange armen. The event was held in Haikou, Hainan Province, China, with all the international guests joining online. The species is found in Assam, Mizoram & Meghalaya in India, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. Mating occurs during the summer rainy season with births during the winter, usually between September and January (McCann 1933; Alfred 1992; Tilson 1979; Choudhury 1990; Alfred 1992; Ahsan 2001). We conducted a survey of the distribution and population status of the eastern hoolock gibbon Hoolock leuconedys in non-protected fragmented forest areas of the Lower Dibang Valley district of Arunachal Pradesh, India, during September 2010–June 2011. However, their population is on a steep decline and the species is listed as ‘Vulnerable’ on the IUCN Red List. (Wolfheim, 1983) Female. The species’ populations have been declining due to habitat destruction of various forms and hunting for meat. Provide direct technical support to implementing projects engaged with gibbon conservation. Hoolock hoolock (Harlan 1834) Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 Reference taxon from ITIS Global in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life This species is listed as endangered species in IUCN Red list with less than 5000 individual left in wild. Conservation of Western Hoolock Gibbon, PHVA Report, 2005 5 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock hoolock) was assessed as Critically Endangered in Bangladesh and Endangered in India based on IUCN Red List Criteria, Regional Guidelines (IUCN 2003). A male Skywalker hoolock gibbon. The eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae.It is one of three species of hoolock gibbon.This species is found in extreme eastern corner of Assam and parts of Arunachal Pradesh, Myanmar east of the Chindwin River, such as the Mahamyaing Wildlife Sanctuary, and in south west Yunnan of China. We conducted an intensive survey of the Vulnerable eastern hoolock gibbon Hoolock leuconedys along the west bank of the Salween River in southern China, covering all known hoolock gibbon populations in China. Two species of Hoolock Gibbon are found inhabiting the Indian forests. We found 40–43 groups, with a mean group size of 3.9, and five solitary individuals. Improve conservation awareness for local communities; Stabilise and develop livelihood buffer zone communities; Harmonise the benefits of conservation and livelihood development, ensuring that the use of wild living resources is sustainable; Encourage the participation of local communities and stakeholders in the management of protected areas; To become a showcase model of species conservation at international level; Promote internal resources for gibbons conservation and development, and other biodiversity values; Protect, expand and improve the quality of habitat and create corridors connecting areas of high biodiversity; Build wildlife rescue centers, research and store rare genetic resources, improve management and law enforcement capacity, create links of  expertise with  ex situ centers (zoo). The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the Hylobatidae (gibbon) family. Fecal specimens were tested for WESTERN HOOLOCK GIBBON Hoolock hoolock However, it’s also edged with sadness – as we’re also calling for the IUCN to immediately confer Endangered status on the Skywalker hoolock gibbon, which faces the same grave and imminent risk to its survival as many other small ape species in southern China … The Skywalker hoolock gibbons' home in the forests of the Gaoligong mountains was previously thought to be the habitat of another population ... (IUCN) to list the Skywalker gibbon as endangered. A new gibbon species was discovered in … With long and slender arms, hoolock gibbons are swift creatures, barely needing to step on the ground. of hoolock gibbons for some decades. Promote local capacity, conservation education and awareness; and. This species is Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Of the two, the western hoolock is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Redlist, while the eastern hoolock is listed as Vulnerable, and both species’ populations have been declining due to habitat destruction of various forms and hunting for meat. Rationalise and restore the existing protected area network and improve protected area management; Develop a framework for wildlife conservation focusing on the gibbon as a flagship species outside protected areas and promote ecologically responsible development; Initiate meta-population management for stray and isolated populations; Promote a knowledge-based approach to conservation and an adaptive framework for wildlife management; Reduce existing anthropogenic pressures, including the illegal trade in wildlife, on natural resources. The eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. of hoolock gibbons for some decades. North eastern forest of India are home of various endangered species including only species of ape, Western Hoolock gibbon. Apr 29, 2020 - The only tribe of apes inhabiting the country is the Hoolock Gibbons, found in the North-east forests. Mootnick and Groves stated that hoolock gibbons do not belong in the genus Bunopithecus, and placed them in a new genus, Hoolock. Hoolock Gibbon and Biodiversity Survey, Karen State 4 Saw Blaw Htoo & Grindley (2010) ii. Version 2020-3. This forest beat of Kaptai Range is mostly bisected by the flow of Karnafuli River into Rampahar and Sitapahar blocks. The Hollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary is one of the last strongholds of the western hoolock gibbon, which the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) lists as an endangered species on its Red List. PDF | On Nov 20, 2017, Alexander Nater and others published Morphometric, Behavioral, and Genomic Evidence for a New Orangutan Species | Find, read and cite all … Small apes are frugivores that are dependent on the closed-canopy forest for their diets and locomotion, and are strictly territorial, so … The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. ii The Conservation Status of Hoolock Gibbons in Myanmar Suggested citation: Geissmann, T., Grindley, M. E., Ngwe Lwin, Saw Soe Aung, Thet Naing Aung, Saw Blaw Htoo, and Momberg, F. (2013). All hoolock gibbons in each site were located and counted. For gibbon conservation to be effective, we need to achieve the following Goals: Photo: From top left, clockwise: IUCN SSC, IUCN SSC, Ingdong Nature Conservation, Eco Foundation Global, EJDRONE, DAJI Nature, HINP, ©2020 IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP), World Commission on Environmental Law (WCEL), World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA). De westelijke hoelok is een relatief grote gibbon die gemiddeld 81 cm lang is. We used part of this count data (22 sites) in our analyses to explore the link between hoolock gibbon numbers and habitat variables, Photo: Professor Fan Peng-Fei of Sun Yat-Sen University, China. An adult female Skywalker Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock tianxing). Measuring Recovery with the IUCN Green Status of Species. The eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) inhabits pockets of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam, and southern China and north-east Myanmar; this specie is listed as ‘vulnerable’ in the IUCN list. Hoolock Gibbon by Dr Raju Kasambe 03.JPG 768 × 791; 103 KB Hoolock Gibbon DSCN1410 01.jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 4.29 MB Hoolock Gibbon DSCN1410 02.jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 6.62 MB Recent molecular evidence documented that the distance among gibbon subgenera was as large or larger than the distance between chimpanzees (Pan) and humans (Homo) (Roos & … Mannetjes wegen gemiddeld 6,9 kg, vrouwtjes 6,1 kg. In general, hoolock gibbon habitats are tropical with wet, hot summers with monsoon rains and dry cool winters. It is categorized as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. The taxonomy of the hoolock gibbon has recently been significantly revised. The Hoolock gibbons’ original entire habitat covered about 100,000 square miles (160,000 sq km) and shrunk to 35,000 square miles (56,000 sq km) in 1987. According the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the Western Hoolock Gibbon is listed as Endangered, as there is reason to believe the species has declined by at least 50% over the past three generations. All hoolock gibbons in each site were located and counted. About Us; Superintendent’s Message; District Leadership This species is found particularly east of the Chindwin River in Myanmar and in southwest Yunnan (China). Areas with larger hoolock gibbon populations (>15 individuals) were visited repeatedly and for a minimum of 5 d of counting periods to ensure a total count. To save searches and access a historical view of information you have downloaded you are required to register for an account. Strengthen coordination among gibbon conservation projects worldwide including zoos; Increase awareness of scientifically-sound practice in gibbon conservation; Provide IUCN-endorsed guidelines to conservationists, field scientists and decision makers; Develop Conservation Action Plans that clarify priorities in gibbon conservation for practitioners, decision makers and donors; Ensure that The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. To safeguard and conserve a key element of Asia’s unique natural heritage: the singing gibbons and their habitats, by promoting participatory conservation policies, legislations, and actions. Wednesday, December 2nd 2020. Conservation Status of Hoolock Gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) in Meghalaya The song includes an introductory sequence, an organising sequence, and a great call sequence, with the male also contributing to the latter (unlike in some other gibbon species). The IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group Section on Small Apes and the International Collaboration to Conserve Gibbons and Siamang have joined forces with The Hainan Institute of National Parks and Eco Foundation Global to establish the Global Gibbon Network Initiative. Geissmann, 1995; Rowe, 1996; Marshall & Sugardjito, 1986). (Image: © Zoological Society of London) In a galaxy not so far way, there's a new Skywalker in town. This species has 38 chromosomes and sing a duet. The western hoolock gibbon was designated as one of the top 10 threatened gibbon … Our District. IUCN 2020. This genus was argued to contain two distinct species which were previously … Involve communities in conservation efforts. For example, in Assam, India, the annual temperature usually ranges between 7°C (44.6°F) and 32°C (89.6°F) (Choudhury 2000). It is the second largest Gibbon in the world. Geographically, the natural range pf Hoolock gibbons extends east to the Salween River and west to the Brahmaputra River. The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and Western Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) are two species of global conservation importance that are limited to only tropical Asian forests (Fig. Abstract The report details the results of a gibbon status assessment made on Khe Shor Ter Mountain, Karen State, Myanmar in April 2010 by a team of researchers from the … The name "Hoolock" is an onomatopoeia derived from the sound made when this species sings. All schools are in session. About Hoolock Gibbon The forests of north-east India support the highest diversity of primates in India, including the only apes found in the country, the western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) and the eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys). Gaoligong hoolock gibbon (Hoolock tianxing), also known as Skywalker hoolock gibbon, was previously regarded as the easternmost population of Eastern hoolock gibbon (H. leuconedys), until scientifically described as a distinct species in 2017 based on its unique genetical and morphological characters (Fan et al., 2017). It is one of three species of hoolock gibbon. Like other gibbons, hoolock gibbon pairs produce a loud, elaborate song, usually sung as a duet from the forest canopy, in which younger individuals of the family group may join in. Western hoolock gibbon ( Hoolock hoolock ) is listed as an endangered mammal in IUCN Red List. PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018 Hoolock gibbons and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Hoolock gibbons primate species of genus Hoolock Endangered — IUCN CITES Appendix I schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 State Animal of Arunachal Pradesh Habitat Primarily forest dweller inhabits tropical evergreen rainforests, tropical evergreen and semi … Of the two, the Western Hoolock is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN RedList, while the Eastern Hoolock is listed as Endangered. (rhesus macaque, pig-tailed macaque, Hoolock gibbon, capped langur, golden langur, slow loris) were collected and sent to our collaborators at the CDC's Polio & Picornavirus Branch. The song includes an introductory sequence, an organising sequence, and a great call sequence, with the male also contributing to the latter (unlike in some other gibbon species). The species is found in Assam, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. 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