Image not available. For use in any finished products, a hard, protective finish is recommended, as basswood is decidedly non-durable. Natural forests in Japan that include this species are now very rare, with the bulk of Cryptomeria timber coming from commerical tree plantations. Its heartwood ranges from light to medium golden yellow, typically. Common Uses: Veneer, inlay work, marquetry, turnery, bandings, jewelry boxes, small specialty items. Beech, English Spalted. Ebony – $ 10,000 Per Kilogram. Defects are not uncommon, and can often present some challenges when working, but hard work and perseverance can produce extraordinary results; there’s really no other wood quite like it. As is the case with many such woods of exceeding density, logs have a tendency to split from the center, outward, after being cut. Trees are small and slow growing, contributing to its high price tag. Its grains are typically interlocked (though sometimes straight), making it difficult to work. Cedrorana (or “Tornillo,” as it is also commonly known) is a relatively inexpensive wood with a lot of character. It is an excellent turning wood, and it stains, glues and finishes well. It has a fine, smooth texture, and is regarded as moderately durable. However he does like to take on other topics involving some of his personal interests like automobiles, future technologies, and anything else that could change the world. The... Its heartwood is cream to salmon colored, highlighted by striping which can be any combination of red, violet, purple, pink and rose hues. Comments: With pretty color variations, the right board could offer a good, lower price alternative Brazilian Tulipwood. The genus is noted for its great strength, density and hardness, which, naturally, makes it harder to work and tough on cutting tools and machinery. Its texture can range from fine to medium; (not unlike Braz Rw) it is porous, and those pores are usually medium- to large-sized. Here is a table of all of the wood's characteristics. Sustainability: Not listed in CITES Appendix or the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. After the tree buds, its flowers have a simlar hourglass shape to that of tulips — earning it the other common name by which its known of “Tulip Poplar.”. While the wood is generally very cooperative when worked, given its hard, dense nature, dull tools and blades can be an issue. *Due to cites restrictions, we are unable to ship Pernambuco internationally. The species expanded beyond its original rainforest habitat, making its way into savannah areas and even penetrating regional evergreen forests. For more information about a type of wood, go to its respective page. [Ironically, perhaps, more strikingly figured examples (with pommelle or waterfall figuring) can fetch prices greatly eclipsing typical rosewood price thresholds.] It is a dimensionally stable wood, but it requires sharp blades and precise-angled cuts to get acceptable results when resawing this wood. Similarly, a luthier can only craft the best stringed instrument out of the highest quality of wood. Comments: For wood craftsmen of all niches, Olivewood is highly desired for its often spectacular aesthetics; being known for its gorgeous, often-twisting grain patterns and dramatic figuring. The sapwood is pale yellow to a very pale yellowish white. Moisture can't wick up its end grain. Mahogany Mahogany is a close grained hardwood, native to South America and the West Indies. Due to the lack of a categorized source of different types of colored wood, we decided to take a look at the natural colored wood and introduce the wood species for each color. As most of you already know, this is a very popular African import. Comments: There are four distinctly different Dalbergia species which are all commonly called “Madagascar Rosewood.” Back in the 1990’s, wood poaching on the African island of Madagascar reached epidemic proportions. Comments: Ziricote is a close relative (and neighbor) of Bocote, with both being Central American woods of the Cordia genus. It doesn't matter what your skills are, we aim to provide friendly service and advice. Ziricote is one of the most popular, visually striking exotic woods in the world. With over 10 years experience he's covered businesses, CEOs, and investments. Its splinters can be like little razors and when one pentetrates the skin, it is quite painful and the area can quickly and easily get infected, if quick action isn’t taken to remove it (the splinter) and sterilize the area. (Sapwood is easily distinguishable, with its pale yellow coloration.) Once cut, the wood’s hues intensify as it oxidizes. Common Uses: Musical instruments (guitars, clarinets, oboes, etc. Other than the supply issue, a root cause for this is the fact that trees reach full maturity at a height of only 40 to 50 feet, with miniscule trunk diameters of just 1 to 1-1/2 feet. However, for those few individuals that do choose to take on this project, truly beautiful products are usually made. Sustainability: This species is not currently listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Its pleasant light tan coloration has a very pastel look, and certain examples can exhibit a pink or reddish tint. Common Uses: High-end furniture, veneer, musical instruments (in particular, guitars), skis, handles, and turned objects. Rare Kingwood and Tulipwood … Common Uses: Construction timber, furniture, carpentry, door & window frames, bridges, railway cars and essential oil production. Finland. Sustainability: This species is listed in CITES Appendix II, and is categorized as “Vulnerable” on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species; part of the Dalbergia -genus worldwide exportation ban. You will never see long, wide boards of this species, and it is considered the most expensive exotic wood in the world when you calculate cost per board-foot vs. the actual usable portions which are produced from log / half-log resaws. Comments: This is another commercially important wood to the African continent. The sapwood of Boire is pale brown in color; its heartwood is typically medium brown to bronze, with dark streaks (and sometimes other hues, such as oranges and yellows, intermingled). Common Uses: Carving, boatbuilding, siding, flooring, decking, outdoor furniture, musical instruments (flutes; acoustic guitar soundboards), boxes and chests, and various utility/construction applications. It has a distinct odor similar to that of Western Red Cedar. I invite you to join our Kings Fine Woodworking Community Get help on your projects. It is extremely stiff, strong, hard and highly durable and can be an excellent substitute for Ipe for decking. Finding figured pieces is not uncommon. Its grains are typically either straight or interlocked. There are many types of mahogany out there, but quality exotic mahogany is hard to beat. Its renowned toughness and durability has seen White Oak used in boat building for centuries, as it also responds well to steam bending. Cerejira is an important wood in the dry portions of central and southern South America. It doesn't matter what your skills are, we aim to provide friendly service and advice. It is also extremely water resistant, which, combined with its toughness, has seen it frequently used in outdoor decking and even as truckbed flooring. Note: All plank prices in the table below have been experimentally proven by use of a perfect 1x1 auto-chopper. Swamp Cypress is so named for its association with swamp land, with is roots often pertruding above the land or submerged into the swamp water where it grows. Comments: Afrormosia is a very durable wood, and it works well with either hand or machine tools. Snakewood stands out as one of the most aesthetically unique exotic woods in the world. African Blackwood has been topping the charts of the world’s most expensive wood for quite a few years now. It’s impressive density makes it ideal for an electric guitar fretboard or an acoustic guitar back and sides; wood turners love it, as well, for its fabulous, unique aesthetics and very reasonable price. Here are some of the most popular exotic wood of this type, their characteristics and origins: Walnut Pod Mahogany is a light reddish-brown wood, indigenous to the southeastern region of Africa. It was used extensively for the floors and ceilings in numerous older houses throughout South Africa. Its exportation from the region remains restricted. Common Uses: Furniture, boatbuilding, veneer, turnings, and other small wooden objects. Although opinions differ, Olivewood is thought by many to be a very durable wood, although it can be suspect to insect / bug infestation. Pau Rosa is a very beautiful tropical wood. Be sure to cover your eyes and wear a respirator when sanding, and blow out your shop or work area after working with it. Afrormosia is well known and popular throughout Europe, boasting a pedigree of being a preferred wood for home interiors: providing a rich, luxurious option for cabinetry, trim and fine furniture. Iroko is a very tough, durable wood that has been traditionally used in a multitude of applications in its native Africa. Its typically fine (sometimes medium or in between), consistent texture takes on a luxurious look, revealing a deep natural luster, when sanded. Comments: When quartersawn, Andiroba can exhibit a ribbon figure that looks similar to Sapele. (Typically, a warmer the climate yields faster growth.). After sanding, a deep, very dark chocolate color emerges.). 1. The 10 Best Cartier Diamond Watches of All-Time, A Buyer’s Guide to Getting a Cartier Panthere. Its heartwood color can range anywhere from a light to medium yellow, to a light orange- or reddish-brown, usually highlighted by darker brown or black striping. Comments: Despite its oily nature, Bocote is surprisingly cooperative when gluing. The wood is extremely dense, so much so that it can be brittle and splinter, or even shatter, when re-sawn; cutting edges should be at there sharpest whenever working Snakewood. ), harp bodies, moldings, picture frames, turnings and small specialty objects. The wood has become quite popular as a body wood with many electric guitar luthiers who are familiar with it. Common Uses: Small ornamental items, such as piano keys and other musical instrument parts; stringed instrument figerboards; pool cues; carvings; turned objects; and other small specialty items. Because of its relatively slender profile — marked by a thin, narrow trunk — thick boards are never seen. Common Uses: Veneer, flooring, furniture, cabinets, trim, musical instruments and turned objects. Zebrawood’s trademark aesthetics have made it very popular with veneer mills around the world. Comments: Because of its tannin content, moist wood will stain when in contact with iron. Sustainability: This species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is listed as “Near Threatened” on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It’s also extremely dense, so much so that if you put this wood in a body of water, it will quickly sink to the bottom. Sustainability: This species is not currently listed in the CITES Appendices; it has yet to be recognized by the IUCN. It has a light to medium reddish-brown hue, with contrasting rays that are slightly darker can range anywhere from a muted brown to gray color. Of these lighter maples, Red Maple has the most weight and density, and is also the most prevalent — growing in areas scattered all over the Eastern US and up into (Eastern) Canada. Comments: In comparison with other exotic woods, Ceylon Satinwood has remained in short supply to the US market. Massive stockholding of over 500,000 board feet. A cousin of the more popular and well-known African tonewood, Bubinga, Ovangkol/Shedua is a softer wood (of similar weight and density) with handsome, yet greatly varying aesthetics. It has a base of brown-toned hues, highlighted by a variety of colors which can range from muted purples to reds, oranges and golds, Its pleasing aesthetics and great working and finishing properties make it a popular choice with guitar and furniture builders, alike. They vary in grain, stiffness, flame figure and color. *Due to cites restrictions, we are unable to ship Kingwood internationally. Honduran Rosewood’s grain lines are unusually tight and straight (though sometimes wavy or interlocked). Maple is one of those rare woods where the sapwood is considered more valuable and coveted than the heartwood. For more information about a type of wood, go to its respective page. Given this, it’s little wonder that finding any Pink or Red Ivory beyond small craft-sized pieces has proven a very difficult task in the US. Prior to being sanded, the flecked portion’s slightly elevated positioning on the wood’s surface gives it a true 3D look. Highly-figured lumber is not uncommon, nor are pieces with a shimmering chatoyance, reminiscent of Koa. Although it can have a dulling effect on saw blades, its high silica content contributes to its fine natural luster and poses no real issues with gluing or finishing. Here is a selection of woods used on antique furniture, below is a comprehensive guide into the woods and history behind each type of timber used throughout the centuries. Also known as “Satine,” Bloodwood is an exotic South American import that continues to grow in popularity here in the states. Bamboo is extremely popular, likely because bamboo trees are the fastest growing trees in … Comments: When many people think of the wood synonymous with Brazilian, they immediately think of Brazilian Rosewood. While the wood is quite substantial, we found its density to be slightly less than that of Macassar Ebony and Malaysian Blackwood. The species has interlocked grain, and fine and uniform in texture. The heartwood color ranges from pink to reddish-brown, with purple or red streaks / lines / highlights. It is hard and heavy, but can present itself with beautiful colors – reds, oranges and yellows. (This is where it gets tricky.) Known for its great toughness, strength and durability, its wood has been used for centuries in a variety of functions in the third-world settings to which it is indigenous. Because the fruit of the Olive tree is olives, there is a limited supply of Olivewood that is made available to the US. Use caution, be slow and patient, and pay careful attention when cutting or sanding any maple species with high-RPM machinery, as its surface can burn. *Due to cites restrictions, we are unable to ship Madagascan Rosewood internationally. This versatile wood has proven itself throughout the respective indigenous regions of its native continent of Africa. As the wood ages, it typically does so by gravitating toward a more golden brown appearance. The wood has a high natural oil content, which can make it difficult to glue but gives it a beautiful luster and renders an excellent finish. The name ‘Deodar’ evolved from the word “devad?ru,” which is a Sanskrit word that translates to “timber of the gods”. Honorable mentions: Muninga (Padauk-relative with rock-solid stability) Boxwood (legendary for turning and carving) Laburnum (think of it as European Rosewood) Wamara (close relative to #2 ranked Katalox) Sycamore (break out of bland with some quartersawn stock) Texas Ebony (Ebony!? Common Uses: Veneer, musical instruments, furniture, cabinetry, flooring, interior trim, turnings, and other small specialty wood objects. It can also have darker striping, and, aesthetically, it can be further enhanced through figuring (ribbon; wavy diagonal; mottled) and varying levels of chatoyance. Grains are generally straight, but can be wavy. When combined with its very modest price range, its continually growing popularity as such (mahogany substitute) is easy to understand. Coronavirus Update (7/22/2020) → Like many other oaks, quartersawn pieces will typically display fleck ray patterns. Common Uses: Flooring / parquee flooring, furniture, cabinetry, millwork, veneer, musical instruments (guitars, in particular), inlay, boatbuilding, handles / stocks, trim, accents, carvings and turnings. This is a rare kind of wood used for many musical instruments. We have a list of useful sources of information you can consult for more up-to-date information below. To this day, it remains a popular wood for guitar necks and bodies. Common Uses: Flooring, veneer, millwork, stringed instrument fingerboards, carvings, turned objects and small specialty items. Its heartwood can vary from a pale yellow-brown, to tan, to varying shades of brown (both light and dark); sapwood is pale yellow and clearly demarcated. The wood has become very popular for crafts, gun and knife handles and guitar fretboards, due to its very striking, unique appearance. 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